The Northwest Ordinance Created July 13, 1787 Complete TextWikipedia - explained Arguably the single most important piece of legislation passed by members of the earlier Continental Congresses and the Confederation Congress, other than the Declaration of Independence itself. Among other things, it set up a model for future States, prohibited slavery, protected religious liberty, and "encouraged" education. (NOWHERE, in any of our Founding Documents, has the Federal Government been given the Power to Educate or even Control Education.)
The Lee Resolution Proposed June 7, Signed July 2, 1776 A Resolution was introduced on June 7th in the Continental Congress by Richard Henry Lee (Virginia) proposing a Declaration of Independence, Declaring that the 13 Colonies should become Free, Independent, Sovereign States (this meant Countries in 1776 and it still does) with Effectual Measures for Foreign Alliances and a Plan for a Confederation of the 13 Independent, Sovereign States for their mutual Protection & Welfare (welfare means good - it has nothing to do with "free-stuff").
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The Kentucky Resolutions (of 1798, by Thomas Jefferson) was the 1st strong call for States Rights, for NULLIFICATION of Unconstitutional Federal Laws.
The Virginia Resolutions (of 1798, by James Madison) was the 2nd moderate call for States Rights, for INTERPOSITION of Unconstitutional Federal Laws.
We need to bring back States Rights and we can do it with TacticalCivics
The Constitution gives the Federal Government ONLY 18Powers: Intrenational Affairs, War, Treaties, Immigration, Patents, Uniform Commerce, some Taxes, Money, & Protect your GOD-Given Rights (to Life, Liberty, Property, to be Left Alone, Religion, a Fair Trial, Free Speech & Press - and more) The States & The People are given: Everything else - all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement & prosperity of the State.
These two documents clearly set out the Justification & Authority that the States had, as Independent, Sovereign, co-States, that entered into the "Compact" that CREATED the Federal Government, which had Only Limited and Specifically Enumerated Powers, that were defined in the Constitution & its Amendments, & that ALL other Powers were defined as belonging to the States or The People.
The Missouri Compromise (1820) (MAP & Analysis) With the purchase of the Louisiana Territory and the application of Missouri for statehood, the long-standing balance between the number of slave states and the number of free states would be changed. Controversy arose within Congress over the issue of slavery. Congress adopted this legislation and admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a non-slave state at the same time, so that the balance between slave and free states in the nation would remain equal. This provision held for 34 years, until it was essentially repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.
The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) See MAP (with Speeches by Lincoln) Senator Stephen Douglas introduced a bill which would allow the settlers of the new territories to decide if slavery would be legal there. Antislavery supporters were outraged because the Missouri Compromise of 1820 would had previously outlawed it both territories. Pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers rushed to Kansas, each side hoping to determine the results of the first election held after the law went into effect. The conflict turned violent, aggravating the split between North and South until reconciliation was virtually impossible. Opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act helped found the Republican Party, which opposed the spread of slavery into the territories. As a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the United States moved closer to Civil War.